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      2021年科技展望-行将产生的科技
      公布>###43:36   泉源:本站原创   点击量:
      2020 was a year unlike any other. Companies and businesses of all sizes and governments new and old had to change across all facets, and technology helped manage these changes. Whether it was Blackboard, Zoom, Netflix, or any number of other tools, we relied on technology to help prepare meals, teach our children, collaborate with coworkers, and even entertain ourselves after yet another day at home. Rather than slow us down, 2020 accelerated our shift to a digital world, and I anticipate we won’t go back any time soon. Thanks to this acceleration, from my vantage point, 2021 will be a launchpad for all kinds of change. Here are some of the areas that will be driving it.
      2020年是异乎寻常[yì hū xún cháng]的一年。种种范围的公司和企业以及新老当局都必需在各个方面举行厘革,而技能可以协助应对这些变革。无论是Blackboard,Zoom,Netflix照旧其他很多东西,澳门ag都依托技能来协助预备饭菜,教澳门ag的孩子,与同事互助,乃至在******天在家中文娱本人。2020年并没有让澳门ag加快脚步,反而减速了澳门ag向数字天下的变化,我估计澳门ag不会很快归去。得益于这一减速,从我的角度动身,2021年将成为种种厘革的启动板。以下是一些会推进它开展的范畴。
      1. Cloud will be everywhere
      The days of cloud capabilities being centralized in data centers are fast fading. Today, cloud-based applications can help boost the performance of ships at sea, aircraft traversing the sky, and in our cars and homes. Access to the cloud’s compute and storage is also reaching farther—from rural communities and remote wildernesses to near-earth orbit. Practically speaking, the cloud is accessible nearly everywhere—and it’s not just reach that matters, it’s the speed of the connections. For example, 5G extends to the edge of the networks and enables real computational work to be done.
      This matters because tasks can now start to happen where results are needed most. For example, driverless cars become real, you can have more natural conversations with services like Alexa, and factories, homes, and office spaces become increasingly efficient and resilient. And if gaming is your thing, you’ll no longer need to worry about lag hampering your experience and your skills will be at full strength, wherever you are.
      1.云无处不在
      云功效会合在数据中心的期间正在敏捷消失。现在,基于云的使用步伐可以协助进步海上船舶,穿越天空的飞机以及澳门ag的汽车和衡宇的功能。从乡村社区和偏僻的荒原到近地轨道,对云盘算和存储的拜访也越来越普遍。实践上,云简直可在任何地方拜访,而不但仅是影响范畴,还在于毗连的速率。比方,5G延伸到网络的边沿,使真正的盘算事情得以完成。
      这很紧张,由于义务如今可以在非常必要后果的地方开端产生。比方,无人驾驶汽车成为实际,您可以与Alexa等办事举行更天然的对话,而且工场,衡宇和办公室空间变得越来越高效和机动。并且,假如您的事情是游戏,那么您将不再必要担忧耽误会影响您的体验,而且无论您身在那边,您的技艺都将失掉充实发扬。
      2. The internet of machine learning
      We generate more data in one hour than was created in the entirety of 2000—and more data will be created in the next three years than was created over the past 30. In 2020, whether you’re a data scientist or not, we got a glimpse of this growing data curve as scientific researchers, pharmaceutical companies, governments, and healthcare institutes turned every resource toward developing vaccines, novel treatments, and other means to help the world’s population remain healthy during the pandemic. These efforts required generating and processing vast amounts of data. The only realistic way to handle all the information is to use ingestion and aggregation tools, married to machine learning (ML) models, to help make sense of it. It’s no wonder that ML went mainstream this year.
      In 2021, we’ll see accelerated adoption of ML models across industries and government. In manufacturing, ML will be embedded on production lines, able to spot production anomalies in real-time. In agriculture, ML models will help farmers intelligently manage precious resources, such as soil and water. For parts of the world where small-holder farmers are the majority—for example, across Southeast Asia and Africa—pushing ML models into new applications and collecting data closer to the edge will be revolutionary in helping increase crop yields and find the best price for their effort.
       
      2.呆板学习的互联网
      澳门ag在一小时内天生的数据要比2000年整年创立的数据更多-将来三年将创立的数据要比已往30年来创立的数据更多。到2020年,无论您是不是数据迷信家,澳门ag都可以迷信研讨职员,制药公司,当局和医疗机构将每种资源都转向开辟疫苗,新鲜疗法和其他手腕来协助大盛行时期天下人民坚持安康的历程中,这一数据曲线一瞥。这些事情必要天生和处置少量数据。处置一切信息的唯 一实际办法是利用与呆板学习(ML)模子联合利用的提取和汇总东西来协助了解这些信息。难怪ML往年成为主流。
      在2021年,澳门ag将看到ML模子外行业和当局中的减速接纳。在制造历程中,呆板学习将嵌入到消费线中,可以及时发明消费非常。在农业中,呆板学习模子将协助农人智能地办理名贵的资源,比方泥土和水。关于小庄家占少数的天下某些地域(比方整个西北亚和非洲),将ML模子推入新的使用步伐并在边沿左近搜集数据将是反动性的,有助于进步农作物产量并找到更好的******。他们的高兴。
       
      3. In 2021, pictures, video, and audio will speak more than words
      A few years ago, I talked about the death of the keyboard due to the rapid growth of voice-activated computing and the rise of user interfaces that allow humans to communicate with machines—and with each other—more naturally. In the months and years ahead, I predict that keyboards will continue to phase out in an evolved way.
      In the past year—as we all entered the depths of lock down—we increasingly communicated via audio, video, and images. As a result, the amount of text we consume on our screens is being reduced as we make more use of multimedia to communicate. Companies that want to remain relevant to their customers need to be keenly aware of these changing habits—rather than expecting customers to interact with their products and services through a keyboard, mouse, or other mechanical ways. When it comes to building relationships and transacting with a brand, customers want to do what’s natural to them. Thus, companies should explore this move towards user interfaces like voice, and other forms of audio and video.
      3.在2021年,图片,视频和音频将说出更多的笔墨
      几年前,我谈到了由于语音激活盘算的疾速增加以及容许人类更天然地与呆板以及相互通讯的用户界面的呈现而使键盘消散的题目。在将来的几个月和几年中,我估计键盘将以渐渐开展的方法渐渐镌汰。
      在已往的一年中(当澳门ag都进入锁定的深度时),澳门ag越来越经过音频,视频和图像举行通讯。后果,随着澳门ag更多地利用多媒体举行通讯,澳门ag在屏幕上斲丧的文本量正在增加。盼望与客户坚持联系的公司必要敏锐地认识到这些不停变革的习气,而不是希冀客户经过键盘,鼠标或其他机器方法与其产品和办事举行交互。在创建干系和与品牌举行买卖时,客户盼望做对他们天然的事变。因而,公司应该探究这种向用户界面(比方语音)以及其他情势的音频和视频的变化。

      4. Technology will transform our physical worlds as much as our digital worlds
      In 2020 we were introduced to social distancing. As we spaced ourselves out, we had the chance to take stock and rethink how our cities live, breathe, and flow. Many of the places we live and work have been built on decades-old assumptions (or centuries-old, depending on where you live) that don’t hold up anymore—or at the very least, don’t perform well in a pandemic.
      With the help of advanced data analytics, we’ll start to figure out how to design our cities with the advantages of social distancing without the sense of being apart. Our planning will consider how we make our communities healthier and safer, rather than merely denser and more efficient. It’s the true convergence of the digital and the physical.
      4.技能将改动澳门ag的物理天下和澳门ag的数字天下
      在2020年,澳门ag被引入了社会断绝。当澳门ag距离开本人时,澳门ag无机会清点一下,重新思索澳门ag的都会怎样生存,呼吸和活动。澳门ag生存和事情的很多地方都是创建在几十年的假定之上(或几百年的汗青,取决于您的寓居地),这些假定不再建立,大概至多在大盛行中体现欠安。
      在******数据剖析的协助下,澳门ag将开端思索怎样在没有分开感的状况下使用交际间隔上风设计都会。澳门ag的方案将思索怎样使澳门ag的社区更安康,更宁静,而不但仅是密度更高,服从更高。这是数字和物理的真正交融。

      5. Remote learning earns its place in education
      Recently, I spoke with high school students in Warsaw, Poland, who use the online learning service Brainly to keep up with their schoolwork and help each other in class. Tools like Brainly have exploded as parents support their kids’ learning in this new remote education reality.
      Technology, and access to it, has played a huge role in children’s education during this pandemic. In 2021, we’ll prove that remote learning can work—and may be a better option for some—and can have a positive and more persistent role in education. We don’t need a global health crisis for online classes to make sense. Having remote schooling (and working) options widely available at any time means that kids can stay home when they’re sick without falling behind. Or what if there’s no school to go to at all? If there’s an internet connection, there’s the possibility for some type of education.
      No question, I think we should send our kids back to classrooms. But there will be other interruptions. Remote classrooms give school systems the flexibility to respond to unforeseen events—whether pandemics, natural disasters, or man-made calamities—to continue student education.
      5.近程学习在教诲中占据一席之地
      迩来,我与波兰华沙的高中生举行了攀谈,他们利用在线学习办事Brainly来坚持他们的学业并在讲堂上相互协助。随着怙恃在这种新的近程教诲实际中支持孩子的学习,诸如Brainly之类的东西曾经爆 炸式增加。
      在这种大盛行时期,技能及其获取途径在儿童教诲中发扬了宏大作用。在2021年,澳门ag将证明近程学习可以起作用,而且关于某些人来说大概是更好的选择,而且可以在教诲中发扬正和耐久的作用。关于在线课程,澳门ag不必要环球安康危急。随时都有普遍的近程上学(和事情)选项,这意味着孩子抱病时可以留在家里而不会落伍。大概,假如基本没有学校上学怎样办?假如有互联网毗连,则可以举行某品种型的教诲。
      没题目,我以为澳门ag应该把孩子们送回课堂。但还会有其他搅扰。近程课堂使学校体系可以机动地应对突发事情(无论是大盛行,天然灾祸照旧人为劫难),以持续举行先生教诲。

      6. Small businesses will race to the cloud, and Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa will lead the way
      In a massive shift, small businesses will begin to make use of advanced cloud technology to reach their customers. We’ll see an explosion of higher-level technologies and service providers that cater to these small businesses. In turn, this will help small business do everything—from spinning up a chatbot to help answer frequently asked questions, to getting a customer relationship management system in place and running within minutes. Small businesses get the benefits of sophisticated architectures and applications without having to invest the time and expense of building it themselves.
      The “cloud everywhere” trend described above is enabling this shift alongside the experience that most small businesses faced this past year. In many cases, the difference between surviving—or not—was an ability to leverage technology. Only 47% of small and medium businesses in the U.S. have their own website. Expect this number to grow in 2021. As this trend expands globally, we should look to nations in Southeast Asia—like Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and Africa, like Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa—to lead the way.
      6.小型企业将竞逐云盘算,西北亚和撒哈拉以南非洲将******潮水
      在一个宏大的变化中,小型企业将开端使用******的云技能来吸引客户。澳门ag将看到投合这些小型企业的******技能和办事提供商的爆 炸式增加。反过去,这将协助小型企业做一切事变-从创立谈天呆板人以协助答复罕见题目,到创建客户干系办理体系并在几分钟之内运转。小型企业无需庞大的架谈判使用步伐即可受害,而无需破费工夫和******自行构建。
      下面形貌的“无处不在的云”趋向正在使这一变化与大少数小型企业在已往一年中所面对的履历相联合。在很多状况下,幸存与否之间的区别是使用技能的才能。在美国,只要47%的中小企业拥有本人的网站。估计这一数字将在2021年增加。随着这一趋向在环球范畴内扩展,澳门ag应该寻求西北亚国度(如印度尼西亚,菲律宾,泰国,越南和非洲,如肯尼亚,尼日利亚和南非)的******。

      7. Quantum computing starts to bloom
      We’ve seen time and again, if you can democratize the most advanced, complex technology and make it affordable, available, and understandable to as many people as possible, great things happen. At re:Invent 2019 we announced Amazon Braket, a fully-managed quantum computing service that helps researchers and developers get started with the technology to accelerate research and discovery. And in 2020 we made it available to everyone.
      There’s no question we’re at the early stages of this mind-bending approach to computing, but that’s the point of Braket. It’s especially important in this exploratory time that we let as many people as possible get their hands dirty and their brains wrapped around quantum computing. As companies and institutions begin to experiment with quantum for the first time—and as that expertise starts to move beyond the academic world—we’ll see business plans and the early seeds of products and services that center around a quantum future.
      7.量子盘算开端发达开展
      澳门ag一次又一次地看到,假如您可以使zui******,zui庞大的技能民主化,并使之可以包袱得起,尽大概多地被人们了解,那么巨大的事变***会产生。在re:Invent 2019上,澳门ag公布了Amazon Braket,这是一种******托管的量子盘算办事,可协助研讨职员和开辟职员开端利用该技能来减速研讨和发明。到2020年,澳门ag将其提供应一切人。
      毫无疑问,澳门ag正处于这种令人隐晦的盘算办法的晚期阶段,但这***是Braket的******。在这个探究性的期间中,分外紧张的是,澳门ag要让尽大概多的人弄脏双手,让大脑缠住量子盘算。随着公司和机构第 一次开端实验量子技能,而且随着专业知识开端逾越学术范畴,澳门ag将看到围绕量子将来的贸易方案以及产品和办事的晚期种子。

      8. The final frontier...
      For technology to help everyone around the world live a better life, we shouldn’t go out and around the world as much as we should go up and above it.
      In 2019, we launched a service called AWS Ground Station. It enables the ability to control satellite communications, process data, and scale operations without having to worry about building or managing a ground station infrastructure. We’re already seeing the ability to access and process satellite data helping researchers track glacial recession, maritime agencies protect vulnerable marine reserves, and agronomists better predict food supply. Startups are looking to establish a new breed of fast, secure networks in outer space. By making access to space affordable and accessible to every developer, I’m looking forward to seeing the innovations that come back down to earth and help us grow and prosper
      8.zui后的界限...
      关于技能协助各人活着界各地过上更好的生存,澳门ag不该该去了和四周的天下一样,澳门ag应该上去下面吧。
      在2019年,澳门ag推出了一项名为AWS Ground Station的办事。它具有控制卫星通讯,处置数据和扩展操纵的才能,而不用担忧创建或办理空中站底子办法。澳门ag曾经看到了拜访和处置卫星数据的才能,这些才能可以协助研讨职员追踪冰川的阑珊,海事机构掩护软弱的陆地掩护区以及农学家可以更好地展望粮食供给。首创企业盼望在太空中创建一种新型的疾速,宁静的网络。经过使每位开辟职员都能包袱得起并取得******公道的空间利用权,我等待看到扎根于空中的创新技能,并协助澳门ag发展和昌盛。

       
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